Types of Wines

Wine is an alcoholic beverage made from fermented grapes. Although the word wine is commonly defined as beverage made only from grapes, most fruits like apples and berries also have the potential to produce wine. Like grapes, these fruits also have balanced quantities of acid, sugar, enzymes, tannins and nutrients necessary for fermentation. The wines produced are usually named after the fruit, like an apple wine or a plum wine.

Types of wines are normally classified by taste, Dry (not sweet), Semi-Dry and Semi-Sweet, by how it is made, Table wines, Sparkling wines, Fortified wines, and by its place of origin or type/variety of grape. You will see a variety mentioned in the bottle label which means the wine is named after the grape. It is written with a capital initial ( Pinot Noir, Merlot, etc.). Bordeaux wines, Napa Valley wines, California wines are examples of wines named for the place of origin. European wines tend to be classified by region, while non-European wines are often classified by the grape.

Different types of wines differ in taste that is distinguished by its sugar and alcohol percentage. Dry wines are the lightest with only 2-3% sugar and 10% alcohol content. Semi-sweet wines contain 5-6% sugar and 13-14% alcohol. Semi-Dry wines are usually a little sweeter than Semi-sweet wines. The sweet wines or "dessert wines" contain the highest percentage of about 14-15% sugar and 16% alcohol.

Table wines are light wines we serve with meals. They are also called natural wines because sugar in the naturally fermented juice of the grape converts into alcohol in bracing acidity. The color in whites vary from pale to deep amber, while reds are striven to arrive a deep clear ruby.

Sweet wines are wines commonly drunk before or after meals, also called "Fortified wines". The addition of a grape brandy increases its alcohol content from twenty to twenty-two percent. Fortifying the wine halts the fermentation process before all the grape sugars are converted into alcohol, making it sweeter.

Sparkling wines are the bubbly wines and also known as "festivity wines", because of its bubbly lively character. Sparkling wines undergo secondary fermentation to develop natural carbonic gas responsible for the bubbling and sparkling of the wine. The bottle is sealed after the second time to keep the gas inside the wine. Their alcohol content is about twelve percent, likewise recognized to aid in digestion.  Photographed by Robinho1

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